Mid-Cities Basketball Association, Inc.

Rules and Regulations

Last Updated October 11, 2016


  1. No residency requirements are in effect.
  2. Eligibility of players is determined by age as defined as follows:
    1. Rookie League – 1st and 2nd grade:   1st grade at registration – 2nd grade at registration
      1. The Rookie League shall consist of a 1st grade conference and a 2nd grade conference if enough players register in each age group to have 4 or more teams in each.
    2. Junior League – 3rd and 4th grade:   3rd grade at registration – 4th grade at registration
      1. The Junior League shall consist of a 3rd grade conference and a 4th grade conference if enough players register in each age group to have 4 or more teams in each.
    3. Major League – 5th and 6th grade:   5th grade at registration – 6th grade at registration
      1. The Junior League shall consist of a 5th grade conference and a 6th grade conference if enough players register in each age group to have 4 or more teams in each.
    4. Senior League – 7th and 8th grade:   7th grade at registration – 8th grade at registration
      1. The Senior League shall consist of a 7th grade conference and a 8th grade conference if enough players register in each age group to have 4 or more teams in each.
  3. A player may play in a grade group higher but cannot play in a grade group lower (i.e., a player in the 3rd grade may play in the Fourth Grade Junior League, but a 4th grader cannot play in the Third Grade Junior League). Any player that is 12 months older than grade level (based on a September 1 date) must move up to the next grade level.
  4. Any player who has made the final cut of a Junior High basketball team is eligible to play in the Association.
    1. A player ineligible to play junior high basketball due to "no pass no play" shall be ineligible to play in Mid-Cities basketball.
  5. Coaches and players will conduct themselves at all times in a sportsmanlike manner. All technicals for unsportsmanlike conduct will be reported by the Official to the scorekeeper and to the Commissioner or Vice Commissioner working the game. Ejection from the game for unsportsmanlike conduct will result in an indefinite suspension that can be removed only by the Executive Directors.
  6. The Executive Directors shall, upon evidence of misconduct of any player, notify the coach of the team which the player is a member within 24 hours of the act. The said coach shall appear, in the capacity of an advisor, with the player before at least three Executive Directors of the Board within three days of the act, for appropriate action.


  1. Registration of registrants will be conducted as follows:
    1. All players returning to the same league will have the choice of returning to their former team or entering the player draw.
    2. Late registration: The association will only accept as many late registrations as there are available slots based on 8 players per team.
               These late registrations will be put into separate blind draw conducted by directors who were appointed to conduct the player draw.
    3. Each year, the Board will establish and publish the date that late registration must be received by to be accepted.
    4. If registration sign ups warrant need, the President and Vice-president, Operations have authority to split a league into divisions.
               Registration must have enough players to fill no less than six teams per division with a minimum of seven players per team.


  1. For Junior, Major, and Senior Leagues, the president shall appoint two members of executive board of directors to conduct player distribution in the manner described in 3.1.1 through 3.1.9 below.
    1. Determine, by number of registrants, how many teams can be formed.
    2. The teams are sequenced on poster boards. Teams with the fewest total returning and protected players are first. In case of teams having an equal total number of returning and protected players, sequence by total playing experience, then by blind draw if necessary, the order in which coaches will draw.
               The Directors who are conducting the player draw do the team sequencing beforehand.
               Note: It is possible for a team to have no returning or protected players; it is also possible for a team to have no players selected in the player draw.
    3. List returning team members and designated protected player(s) on the poster boards, segregating the players by grade and height categories as given below:
      Senior League (14 yr.)Major League (12 yr.)Junior League (10 yr.)
      70" and over64" and over59" and over
      67" up to 69"61" up to 63"56" up to 58"
      64" up to 66"58" up to 60"53" up to 55"
      63" and under57" and under52" and under
      Senior League (13 yr.)Major League (11 yr.)Junior League (9 yr.)
      67" and over61" and over57" and over
      64" up to 66"58" up to 60"54" up to 56"
      61" up to 63"55" up to 57"51" up to 53"
      60" and under54" and under50" and under

               Players playing up a grade are ordered within their playing league's categories.
    4. Segregate the players to be drawn by grade and height categories as above. Further subdivide each height category by playing experience (seasons) as determined during player registration.
    5. In leagues combining two grade levels, drawing of players will be from the oldest grade group first, attempting to equalize the number of players in each grade. Drawing of players by height category will be from tallest to shortest, finishing one before beginning another. The number of players that the team has listed in each height category will determine the order of the drawing of players within the height categories. Players will be drawn, by playing experience (most to least), to equalize the number of players in each height category.
    6. During the draw there is a limit of two representatives for each team, of which only one will be the spokesperson.
    7. The directors who are conducting the player draw shall announce and administer additional procedures as necessary to assure a fair and orderly draw, including but not limited to: (a) player's height not known, (b) draw of a player's name that has "blocked" a coach/team, (c) uneven number of players per team, and (d) interpretation of the intent of the Association's player selection rule.
    8. For Rookie Leagues, players are distributed with the consensus of head coaches based upon each player's school of attendance and proximity of each player to the other in order to form teams.
    9. The directors of player draw shall consider best interest of the league when allocating players during the draw to team(s) without an identified head coach.
  2. Teams are only entitled to a maximum of two protected players. A coach's playing child is included as a protected player. A protected player returning to the same team is still considered to be a protected player. The total number of new and returning protected players may not exceed two. If a team has no protected players, the coach may protect two players in a given year. Players cannot be protected if not in the proper grade for their age unless a parent is a coach. Siblings exercising the right to play on same team have the same status. If one is protected, both are considered as protected, allowing no additional protected players for that team. A player opting to play on the same team as a sibling assigned through the draw will also be considered a draw player.
  3. Within a league (Rookie, Junior, Major or Senior), a protected player cannot be protected on any team in that league other than the team he/she was first assigned to, except as a son or daughter of the head coach.
  4. Teams may not trade players at any time. Any player returning to the same league will play on the same team the next year, unless they choose to be placed back into the blind draw.
  5. A player entering the draw may designate two teams (or coaches) to which the player does not wish to be assigned. The player must submit a written explanation for this request before the close of registration. A minimum of three members of the executive board, appointed by the President, will review the request and notify the player if it will be honored prior to the league draw.
  6. The Executive Directors may, if there is sufficient interest, form a separate league(s) consisting solely of preformed teams, outside the player draw, and set appropriate terms and conditions for participation in the Association. These teams may not be scheduled to play games against the league teams formed in the player draw. At the start of the season the commissioner and coaches in league(s) so formed may elect that teams are not required to follow rule 6.1.1.


  1. Returning coaches have first right of refusal of their previous years team.
  2. Returning designated assistant coaches have second right of refusal of their previous years team after Screening Committee approval.
  3. Returning parents have third right of refusal after Screening Committee approval.
  4. All other prospective coaches will select their team by a blind draw conducted by the directors of the draw.


  1. A list of the proposed head coaches (returning) of existing teams shall be submitted in writing to the Executive Directors for confirmation prior to the last day of registration.
  2. All coaches must be approved on an annual basis by the Screening Committee appointed by the President.
  3. A total of two assistant coaches will be allowed to assist the head coach. The assistant coaches will be picked by the head coach, but still have to be approved by the Screening Committee. Only players and approved coaches (maximum of two) may occupy the bench during the game.
    1. All head coaches will be certified by an organization selected by the Board of Directors prior to conducting the first practice of the season. All assistant coaches will be similarly certified prior to the first game of the season. The Association will pay any certification fee(s) and provide classroom and/or online access to clinics. Any person desiring to become a coach after the first game will bear all expenses of obtaining certification and submit proper documentation to the Secretary.
  4. Coaches are responsible for the conduct of their assistant coaches, players and parents at games and practices.
  5. Any coach and/or assistant coach assigned to a team with returning players will be required to call all returning players at registration time. (The league will also send out registration fliers to all former Association players prior to the first registration date.)
  6. All coaches shall select a Parent Representative to help with the relationship between the coach and the parents.
  7. A head coach who habitually misses or fails to conduct sufficient practice sessions will be subject to dismissal by the Board of Directors. All appeals to this decision must be taken to the voting Members of the Association.
  8. ANY HEAD COACH WHO HOLDS A PRACTICE NOT AUTHORIZED BY THE ASSOCIATION WILL BE DISMISSED. (For a definition of what constitutes a practice, see Article 7.1).
  9. A head coach may appoint his assistant coach to represent the team at any general meeting of the members of the Association.
  10. Any coach or assistant coach using profanity or excessive actions toward any game Official will be subject to suspension, dismissal or both. The final decision will be made by the Executive Directors.
  11. Any coach or assistant coach having three written complaints registered in any one year must appear before the Screening Committee and the President of the Association.
  12. Each league Commissioner will conduct a coach's poll at the end of the season to determine the winner of the Coach of the Year Trophy for their respective league. The selection will be made by secret ballot.
  13. Any coach which has three or more players who choose to return to the draw instead of returning to the team must be reviewed and approved by the Screening Committee before they can return as a coach.
  14. All coaches will be required to sign a form that states that the coach has read and agrees to abide by the Rules of the Association.


  1. The Official Basketball Rules as adopted by The National Federation of State High School Associations shall be adopted as the official Mid-Cities Basketball Association Rules except as changed by the following special rules:
    1. Every player will play at least 12 minutes of each game according to a substitution plan determined by the coach. Exceptions include late arrival, early departure, sickness, injury, or disciplinary action per rule 6.8. Coach is required to document exceptions and communicate to player's parents why playtime was reduced.
      Upon receiving a second official complaint from a parent that their child did not receive 12 minutes of play time and they did not receive any notice of exception from the coach, the coach must meet with the screening committee and demonstrate why the complaints are invalid. Failure to meet or the in-ability to provide documentation that the compliant does not have merit will result in coach being suspended for one game. Following such suspension, additional complaints will result in suspension of the coach for more games or disqualification as a coach in the association.
    2. Except in the Major and Senior Leagues, zone defense shall not be permitted at any time during the game. A zone defense violation will be called if a team has one or more players guarding an area (zone) of the court rather than an offensive player. A zoning violation will be a judgment call of the officials. Penalty: 2 penalty shots and possession of the ball to the offended team. The following paragraphs are meant to serve as guidelines in order for the coach to prepare the players for the games. What constitutes a zone is a judgment call from the official and the coaches and players must adjust accordingly.
    3. Except in the Major and Senior Leagues, a defensive player must be within 6 feet of the offensive player. Once the ball is back outside the 3-point line the defensive players must guard their opponents within 6 feet. Switching and helping defensive techniques will be allowed. (Applicable only to Rookie League) Rookie League defense is to be played within the 3-point line boundary. Offensive player must dribble or pass the ball inside the 3-point boundary within 10 seconds of crossing half-court. Penalty: Possession to the offended team. If the ball has crossed the 3-point line and is then moved outside that line, the offensive team has 5 seconds to move the ball back inside the 3-point line. Penalty: Possession to the offended team. If the referee determines that the offensive team is deliberately moving the ball inside and outside the 3-point arc for the purpose of running out the clock, the offending team will be warned. Penalty for subsequent violations: Possession to the offended team. Offensive shots made outside the 3-point boundary will not count. Penalty: Possession to the offended team. Defense must stay within the 3-point boundary. Penalty: Possession to the offended team.
      1. Nothing in these rules shall be interpreted to prohibit a defensive team from double teaming the ball, trapping the ball, switching or sagging. Exception: No double team, trapping or sagging in Rookies. Penalty: Two penalty shots and possession to the offended team.
      2. Except in the Major and Senior Leagues, defensive chasing the ball will not be allowed. Chasing the ball is defined as a defender (including one or both defensive players participating in a double team), leaving the person being defended and following the ball to the offensive person receiving the pass. Penalty: 2 penalty shots and possession of the ball to the offended team.
    4. Except in the Major and Senior Leagues, no isolation type offense involving one or two players will be permitted. This rule includes but is not limited to the clearing of one side of the floor for 1 on 1 or 2 on 2 options and spreading the offensive players and driving to the basket until stopped. Another obvious isolation offense call that should be made is a team placing one or more players outside the perimeter of a normal offense (near half court or in the baseline corner opposite the ball, for example). This interpretation is needed to keep the balance with the "6 feet" call. The isolation offense call should not be called if the defensive man attacks (closely guards or attempts to steal the ball from) the dribbler prior to the dribbler getting to the 3 point line. Again this call is a judgment call of the officials. This interpretation has no meaning in the 4th quarter. Penalty: 2 penalty shots and possession of the ball to the offended team.
    5. (Not applicable to Senior League) The 3 Second Rule in Rule 9 7 is changed to a 5 Second Rule for Major and Junior Leagues, and to a 7 second rule for the Rookie League.
    6. (Applicable only to Rookie and Junior Leagues) Defense in the backcourt is prohibited. This rule shall not be interpreted to allow a "free" outlet pass starting a fast break. Penalty: 2 penalty shots and possession of the ball.
      1. A full court press after a lead of 20 points or more will result in a 2 shot penalty and possession of the ball by the offended team. (If team is ahead by 20 or more points in any quarter, no pressing will be allowed for the rest of the game even if the lead is less than 20 points.) Repeated violation of the pressing rule will result in suspension of the coach for the following game and/or forfeit of the current game. (Applicable only to Rookie League) No backcourt defense allowed in any period. Penalty: 2 penalty shots and possession to the offended team.
      2. For a league with a prohibition against defense in the backcourt in the final 2 minutes of a game; following a timeout throw-in must be made into the frontcourt. If the timeout was called while ball is in the backcourt, the throw-in spot is out of bounds at the frontcourt time line. Penalty: Possession to the offended team.
    7. (Not applicable to Major and Senior Leagues) The free throw line shall be 13'6" from the plane of the face of the backboard.
    8. (Applicable only to Junior League) The basket shall be 8'6" from the floor.
      1. (Applicable only to Rookie League) The basket shall be 8'0" from the floor.
    9. (Not applicable to Senior Boys) The official Ladies size ball shall be used in all league play.
    10. Five (5) time-outs, to be taken anytime during the game, will be allowed. (Not applicable to the Sr. League)
      1. (Applicable only to Rookie League) The official time clock will only be stopped for the following events: (1) time out, (2) player injury, (3) penalty shots. During the last two (2) minutes of the game the clock will be stopped for all qualifying events i.e. all fouls, in-bound play, etc. This rule applies to Season and Tournament play.
      2. At the request of the trailing team, a running clock will be used when a team is ahead by more than 20 points at any time during a game. If a team reduces the lead to under 20 points then the clock becomes regulation. The official time clock will only be stopped for the following events: (1) time out, (2) player injury, (3) penalty shots.
      3. At the request of the trailing team, the scoreboard score will be zeroed when a team is ahead by more than 20 points at any time during a game. The official score will continue to be recorded in the scorebook. If a team reduces the lead to less than 20 points, the scoreboard score will reflect the actual score.
    11. The coaches may go beyond the coaching box on their team's bench as long as he is instructing and not deriding the officials or interfering with the line of vision of the scorer's table.
    12. Overtime periods are 2 minutes in all leagues. One (1) additional time-out for each team for each overtime period is allowed. Time-outs remaining from regulation may also be taken.
    13. Halftime intermission is 5 minutes in all leagues. However, if games are running late, then the commissioner and/or the referees may designate a shorter intermission.
    14. (Applicable only to the Rookie League) Both teams will be given a set of 5 different-colored wrist bands (e.g. 1 white, 1 black, 1 blue, 1 red and 1 green wrist band). Each player on the court will wear one of the wrist bands (in a manner that it is easily visible to both players and the referee). Defensive match ups will be determined by the color of the wrist band the players are wearing. For example, the player on the home team wearing a white wrist band will guard the player on the visiting team wearing a white wrist band and vice versa.
      At the beginning of each quarter, the coaches will match up the players for purpose of determining defensive assignments and assigning wrist bands to each player. These defensive assignments will remain in effect for the entire quarter with the following exceptions:
      1. Should a substitution be made in the middle of a quarter, the player coming into the game will take the wrist band and assume the defensive assignment of the player coming out of the game.
      2. Should a coach believe that there is a defensive mismatch, s/he may, during a timeout or other stoppage in play, ask the referee and opposing coach to re-assign the defensive match ups.
      3. If the coaches cannot agree on the defensive match ups, the referee will make the defensive assignments. The referee may, at his/her discretion, consult with league commissioner to determine the appropriate match ups. While the ball is in play, players may only guard the player on opposite team with same colored wrist band. Doubling teaming, defensive switching, or switching wrist bands while the ball is in play is not permitted. Penalty: For the first violation, the referee will issue a clear warning to players and head coach. Subsequent violations will result in 2 penalty shots and possession of ball to offended team. Repeated violations may result in disciplinary action by the Coach Screening Committee, which may include suspension of the coach for some, or all, of the remaining regular season and tournament games.
      4. Players who are screened may make defensive shift to guard a player with a different color wrist band. However, they must return to guard their matched wrist band in short period of time and no more than 20 seconds.
  2. The team listed first on the game schedule is the home team and sits on the bench to the scorekeepers' left hand side.
  3. For safety reasons, players will not be allowed to wear jewelry.
  4. Each coach is responsible to have his/her team on the playing floor at the scheduled game time. There will be no delay of game past the scheduled time to wait on players to make a full team. A team can play with less than five players, but the game is automatically forfeited to the other team.
  5. Game Officials may not officiate in the same league in which they have a player participating, or in any league in which they are a coach or assisting with a team.
  6. Profanity will not be used by coaches, assistant coaches or players while in a game or in the stands as spectators. Harassment of officials by either coaches, assistant coaches, players or parents will not be tolerated. If this occurs, the offending person can be ejected from the gym.
  7. If a player misses three consecutive practices without valid reason and the coach feels the player should not participate as a team member, the coach will present his case to the league commissioner for approval. If the Commissioner rules in favor of the coach, the player's name can be removed from the roster and will not be allowed to participate in future games. Any appeals to this decision can be taken to the Executive Directors of the Association upon written notice to the President stating why the action should not be taken.
  8. The Commissioner of each league can make a single game ruling on a player's participation upon receiving a written request from the coach prior to the game. Acceptable reasons to withhold a player's participation include improper behavior at practice or prior to the game and missing practice for invalid reasons.
  9. Each team will provide a scorekeeper, to score their opponent's team, at each game unless the Association has recruited an impartial volunteer.
  10. Home team will provide clock keeper for their game unless the Association has recruited an impartial volunteer.
  11. Team must wear league issued jerseys.
  12. (Applicable only to Senior League) During intermission following a quarter, a game is declared over when a team is ahead by 40 or more points. The current score is recorded as the final score.


  1. Practice sessions will not exceed one hour and fifteen minutes and not more than two sessions per week. Practice is to be defined as: basketball play by more than two players from the same team in the presence of the head coach or assistant coach. Practices are not authorized in any facility when school is out of session for the Christmas Holiday. Practices are not authorized in any facility following the last regular season game (specifically, no practices during the post-season tournament).
    1. Sundays will not be permitted for practice. Sundays will be allowed for games during the regular season, as a backup measure, should facilities be unavailable on a particular Saturday (emergency school closing, for example). Sundays will be allowed for games during the post-season tournament should the Executive Directors determine that there are insufficient facilities to accommodate a tournament unless Sunday games are scheduled.
  2. Uniforms and equipment can only be charged to the Mid Cities Basketball Association by the Director of Equipment or other authorized officer.
  3. Trophies and player recognition shall be determined by the Executive Directors.
  4. Each player must pay a registration fee to be set by the Executive Directors.
  5. Referee fees shall be compensated at a rate determined by the Executive Directors.
  6. The method for alleviating a tie status of two teams at the end of the regular league season will be determined by the Commissioner of the respective league.
  7. These rules may be altered, amended or repealed at any meeting of the members at which a quorum of voting members is present or represented, by an affirmative vote of a majority of the members present or represented at such meeting and entitled to vote thereat, provided notice of the proposed alteration, amendment, or repeal be contained in the notice of such meeting. Any rules altered, amended or repealed after the opening of registration will not become effective until the next playing season.